Artificial Intelligence has been described as construction technology's next frontier - the industry has been a late adopter, but a transition is starting to take place.
Artificial intelligence or AI as it is more commonly known, is an aggregative term to describe machine learning in computer science. AI devices mimic human cognitive functions, like problem-solving, pattern recognition and learning. Developing better knowledge and providing greater insights when exposed to more data. Construction remains one of the top five industries driving the world economy. Yet until recently, it has been lagging behind practically every other sector in the adoption of AI technology. That trend is changing, with construction companies moving towards digital solutions to solve common project challenges and improve outcomes.
Construction projects are inherently complex, with lots of moving parts. While there is a perception that the focus should be on execution, the reality is that project success is more dependent on sound upfront planning. This is an area where AI is making a significant difference. Planning and specifically scheduling, tend to be very labour-intensive. AI is also helping here. Scheduling tools are now starting to assist in the planning process by making informed suggestions as to what durations, sequence and the cost of works should be. Also, there are now a growing number of examples of artificial intelligence being deployed in other areas of construction. Machines can execute tasks previously carried out by humans, which will produce efficiency and productivity gains.